The main electronic components of the third generation computer are: medium and small scale integrated circuits.
Introduction to medium and small scale integrated circuits
Small-scale integrated circuit, usually refers to the number of logic circuits less than 10 (or the number of elements less than 100).
Medium - scale integrated circuit, usually containing several hundred logic circuits. Logic circuit is a discrete signal transmission and processing, binary as the principle, digital signal logic operation and operation of the circuit.
Introduction to integrated Circuits
An integrated circuit
is a small electronic device or component. Using a certain process, the transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors and other components needed in a circuit and wiring interconnection together, made in a small piece or several small pieces of semiconductor chip or dielectric substrate, and then encapsulated in a shell, become a micro structure with the required circuit function;
The integrated circuit is a small electronic device or component, represented in the circuit by the letter "IC
", invented by Jack Kilby (germanium (Ge) based integrated circuit) and Robert Noyth (silicon (Si) based integrated circuit).
Experimental findings showed that semiconductor devices could perform the functions of vacuum tubes, and advances in semiconductor manufacturing technology in the mid-20th century made integrated circuits possible. Integrating a large number of microtransistors into a small chip is a huge improvement over assembling circuits by hand using discrete electronic components. The scale production capacity, reliability, and modular approach to circuit design of integrated circuits ensure the rapid adoption of standardized IC designs instead of using discrete transistors.
Introduction to the third generation computer
The third generation computer is the third generation integrated circuit computer (1964-1971). Features are small and medium-sized integrated circuits (each chip integrated within one thousand logic gates) to constitute the main functional components of the computer; The main memory uses semiconductor memory. The speed can reach hundreds of thousands to millions of basic operations per second.
When computer language developed into the third generation, it entered the stage of "human-oriented" language. Third generation languages are also known as "high level languages". A high-level language is a programming language that is close to people's usage habits. It allows computational programs to be written in English, using symbols and formulas similar to those we use in everyday mathematics.